Fire and Flood-Resistant House Designs
Many homes could not afford to ride out of a disaster. Due to this, engineers and builders have started assessing the real expenditure of homes over its expected life. They’ve found out that most people settle for the less costly but minimal safety features. When a flood washes these homes away, owners will have to shell out some money for house repairing and rebuilding, which only doubles or triples their initial expense.
Architects and home designers have challenged themselves to create homes that are not just pleasing to the eyes but can also stand up against natural and man-made disasters. To put the dent in your bank account, they use more resistant materials during the initial construction as they are a surefire way to reduce future repair costs.
Here, we give some disaster-proof house design tips to help you in designing and making your home more resistant to damage from man-made and natural disasters.
Fire-Proof House Design
If you are still in the process of planning on building a house, do not forget to consider its design. The architectural structure plays a crucial role in the construction of a fire-resistant house. If you ever decide to go for a rotating house, it is best to hire the right designers and contractors for the job. Look for those who have truckloads of experience and skills in building a great revolving house and fireproofing it.
If you want to design the house on your own, there are important that you need to take into account before taking any plans into action. Some of them are the following:
Take note that most rural fires start out as vehicle fires. Your garages and storage sheds that contain flammable materials, such as paint thinners and gasoline, can cook your entire house in no time. To reduce the risk of fire, keep this area detached and well separated from the main house to prevent fire and a much bigger loss.
2. Improve Glazing
When faced with the heat of a wildfire, an insulated glass can hold up longer than a single pane. Also, sliding doors can withstand heat longer than any standard plate glass, which is why you need to consider the tempered and insulated ones. Steer away from acrylic skylights as they quickly melt and leave a gaping hole in the roof. If your budget permits, add a non-flammable shutter like a hurricane shutter.
3. Armor the Roof with a Protective Covering
For your roof, only install Class A, fire-rated material, such as tile, slate, standing seam, or cementitious composite roofing. If you will use wood shakes, do not forget to apply an effective fire treatment. But know that the treatment lasts for a limited time. To maintain fire safety, regularly clean the gutters.
4. Cover Entry Points
Screening your home’s critical areas with a 1/8-inch wire mesh can keep any flaming material from finding a way into the inner recesses of your home. Be mindful of your basement windows, where fire may be extremely hot, and glasses may break.
Houses built to resist fires and cyclones are designed on a pedestal and usually go below ground level. So, a stainless-steel structure such as a fire-rated roller door should go over the top to protect you when there is fire. You may look for rolling fire doors that activate automatically in the event of a smoke or fire. Once this type of door is closed, the smoke will not be able to enter and move throughout the house, allowing you to evacuate safely.
5. Protect the Walls
Specify and use non-flammable material for your siding, such as fiber-cement siding, brick, or stucco. Vinyl siding may only be enough if the fire can find no route to burn too close to the house. You just have to make sure that the gaps and crevices beneath the vinyl must be sealed so that fire will not find a way into the structure. In protecting the base of the siding, put a perimeter of crushed stone.
6. Plan Decks with Care
If you install wood decks, you must acknowledge that they provide fuel for wildfires and ignite the house, so they should be treated against fire. Better yet, build decks with composites that spread fire less quickly. You may also look after concrete products and think about terracing and landscaping as an alternative to a traditional wood deck.
Flood-Proof House Design
The house designed to be flood-proof should be built with durable and sustainable construction. It must take into consideration the height above the base flood elevation, roughly around two metres. This will allow water to pass through below the house and prevent logs and other form of trash that is flooding from entering the house. Electrical and mechanical equipment and walls cannot be installed or built within the flood elevation.
Floods are among the planet’s most destructive natural disasters. Water will find its way into your home, even if it’s just from a roof or basement leak. In designing a flood-resistant building, you must also take a considerable amount of time in selecting the construction materials. Make sure that they resist water damage and allow floor systems to drain and dry.
In brief, here are the things you need to keep in mind and put into action when designing a flood-proof house:
- Elevate the house.
- Use durable construction materials.
- Secure sufficient strapping and reinforcing.
- Utilise flood and hurricane rated products.
- Backup power.
- Design for sustainability.
From a practical standpoint, disaster-proof house designs can impose less of financial burden on your side. It can also secure greater safety for you and the people working to provide relief efforts after a disaster.
No matter how beautiful your revolving house is, it cannot be completely disaster-proof. But with the right choice of the design and style, you can absolutely minimise the damage caused by strong wind, water, and fire.
The principal partners
Joanna Dunick is employed as a marketing and business development coordinator and focuses on the day-to-day marketing and promotional aspects
Lighthouse Developments has been born out of a passion for an innovative, practical solution to many of the problems we accept within a conventional home. The concept is also easily adaptable for commercial use.
To learn more about Lighthouse and earthquake resistant structures, please contact us at 0061 41066 5216.